Conservation in South Africa

When people think about industrialization, they mainly focus on the development of things such as factories, cars, and roads. However, industrialization can take many different shapes and forms, and can have huge impacts on the world. In Africa, there is a large conservation effort to protect nature and animals from the results of industrialization. Despite this, there are still some corrupt conservation efforts are being used for personal gain. For example, tourism for conservation efforts has grown large in Africa. These people will pay money to help care for and protect endangered animals, believing that they are doing a good thing, without knowing whether or not corruption is involved. In some places, people can help to care for young lions, but are “not told that when the cubs grow too big and potentially dangerous to interact with humans there is a good chance they will be sold to canned hunting facilities.” These hunting facilities are a source of money for those running them, and allow people to hunt “wild animals,” when in reality, many of these animals do not know how to survive alone in the wild.


During the colonial period, the first form conservation in Africa was modeled off of Europe’s system. Because the wildlife of Africa is very different than Europe’s, there are many inconsistencies with their policies. Also, in parts of Africa where there is little money, the native people see the wildlife as a way to profit. In order to stop this, “in many countries, governments and conservationists are scrambling to develop wildlife programs that produce economic benefits to indigenous people who face disease and starvation. Without such programs to maximize the benefits from wildlife resources, undeveloped land will inevitably be dedicated to more economically viable land uses.”

Although not all industrialization is bad, if used in the wrong way, it can have drastic results. If people do not put enough effort into helping the conservation effort, and reducing the negative effects of industrialization, many animals and natural resources will be destroyed, not only in Africa, but throughout the world.



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