Mongolian-Chinese Relations

Within Mongolia, citizens have a heavy disdain for the their Chinese neighbors due to their influence they’ve had on the Mongolian culture, and the reliance that the Mongolians have on the Chinese themselves. The Mongolian government uses roughly 89% of China’s exports while using 26% of Chinese imports. Within the citizenry of Mongolia, this creates the sentiment towards the people that they are selling themselves out to China. This is increased by Chinese method of governance and its attitudes towards Mongolia, having greatly been contributed to the Sino-Soviet influence that was experienced over the course of the Cold War. This has resulted in the Mongolian people having a negative attitude towards the Chinese, some partly contributing it to an anti-Chinese phenomenon that is more global rather than just confined to the area of Mongolia. Though the anti sentiments are there, many local Mongolians don’t have a solid Why as to the origins of their sentiments. In-depth research conducted by Franck Billé in Mongolia suggests that there were three main reasons:  The threat to the nation’s territory, the threat to the body, and the threat to Mongolian reproduction. Territorial most obviously relating to the Chinese border wall meant to keep Mongolian soldiers out, an action that would more than likely have impacted Mongolians quite negatively to begin with–most likely interpreted as a deep insult. As well to the body of Mongolia China has produced many influential decisions that have resulted in Mongolia bowing to those decisions as well, such as Mongolia cancelling a visit from Dalai Lama due mainly to pressure from the Chinese put into Mongolian politicians. In terms of reproduction, as mentioned before, Chinese exports make up much of what Mongolians take in yearly, seeming to outnumber the small amount of exports, creating a smaller market for Mongolian traders to do business in China. In this way a smaller income being achieved yearly and the small metaphorical space there would be to create one’s market, a growing annoyance would definitely make itself evident in the citizenry of Mongolia. It has become so intense to the point that some Mongolians have wanted to distance themselves from the idea of Asianess and their identity as an Asian people due to the stereotype of Asian being most associate with the Chinese. As well, reproduction refers to the superiority of the Chinese over the Mongolian population within the country, creating an even further rift in who is and isn’t Mongolian within the concept of citizenry. Another reason that this rift has occurred may be due to the frequency of the Chinese items getting into the Mongolian market place, such as Chinese goods invading into more common Mongolian dishes, creating a sense of irritation among those already prejudice towards the Chinese. However, this is only from a citizen’s point of view. China itself has pointed out that it’s relation is the “best ever” at this point in time, though this from a more governmental point of view. As a Minnesotan, the conflict between invading parties and locals could be comparative to how some feel about Somali and Muslim populations moving into a stereotypically white state. With the popping up of more Muslim communities, mosques, and products, one, (not justifyingly so, but from their perspective), may feel a sense that their culture is being stamped over to make way for a supposed Islamic culture within modern day Minnesota. For instance, one might feel some sort of annoyance/offense at the amount of images of Muslims put into daily ads when there weren’t any not too long ago.

 

Sources:

 

https://joegabriel07.wordpress.com/work-samples-2/anti-chinese-sentiments-among-mongolians/

 

The Trouble With China-Mongolia Relations

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