Plague is a disease that affects humans and other mammals. There are three forms of the plague, which caused by the bacterium called Yersinia pestis. Humans usually get plague after being bitten by a rodent flea that is carrying the plague bacterium or by handling an animal infected with the plague, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

There were 1,036 human plague cases occurred in the U.S. in between 1900 and 2015. There were nine people contract the plague in the country which was the disease that has been known for devastating populations around the world during Medieval times. Plague is infamous for killing millions of people in Europe during the Middle Ages. Yersinia pestic transmitted naturally through rodents, and the parasites they carry in the western states. Based on the CDC’s Statistics, U.S. outbreaks of the disease occur most often in New Mexico, California, Arizona, and Colorado. The first American epidemic occurred in San Francisco in between 1900 and 1904, and the disease was possibly imported from Asia according to Dr. Paul Mead, chief of Epidemiology from PBS’s Article. Mead also said that the fluctuation in the number of human cases of the plague in the U.S. may be attributed to weather when wet winters are followed by cooler summers. That sounds like Minnesota state’s weather even though I have not seen any articles or even this statistic that shown Minnesota have been affected by this human plague, but I believe that it should be a good ideas for Minnesotan to be more cautious with this disease and needed to get a good health education for their family. In the article said, “If there are rodents with dead the fleas, they make their living by getting a blood meal, and a lot of these dogs or cats, they let them inside the house, they sleep in bed with people. It really looks like that is when it happens.” For example, I believe that one thing that could prevent Minnesotan from getting ill is to keep fleas off of their pets by applying flea control products. Animals that roam freely are more likely to come in contact with plague infected animal.

Luckily in the present day, modern antibiotics are effective in treating plague. Without prompt treatment, the disease can cause serious illness or death. Presently, human plague infections continue to occur in the western United States, but significantly more cases occur in parts of Africa and Asia. The mortality rate for untreated plague ranged from 66 percent to 93 percent but has been scaled back to 16 percent due to the start of antibiotics according to the CDC.





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