Struggling economies and the Industrial Revolution caused higher child labor rates and child mortality rates. When economies have struggled in the past, societies have gone to extremes to survive. Unfortunately some of these extremes involved putting young children at risk, not only risking their future, but even sometimes their life. Families had to take their children out of school to help work in the factories so they could afford to keep food on the tables. The Industrial Revolution took part in child labor because it caused the economy to struggle before it began to thrive. This is not a current issue in America’s society today, however, in countries all over the world child labor is still existent due to their extreme economic circumstances.
My gap minder map showed the correlation of Income per person and Life expectancy, it is easy to see the decrease in both during the late 1800’s. With the data it provided me I was able to interpret how the correlation between the time frame and jumps in the graph it correlated with Americas Industrial Revolution. The big jump also provided me information that not only was the economy struggling, but also the jobs that were forced upon all ages of people were quite dangerous and risky. In correlation to the graph the statistics show that the deaths occurred more often is children rather than adults. “50% of child Labor was involved in hazardous and dangerous work” (1800’s Child Labor in America). A lot of the children were killed because they would fall asleep and fall into the factory machines. Not only were children working with dangerous machines, but they were forced to work so hard that they were sleep deprived and that is known as a cruel form of torture. The industrial part of this revolution and the machines involved created more damage to the children than the physical labor. ” The health of the children suffered working in back-breaking jobs in dark, gloomy environments with poor ventilation. They suffered from lung, ear and eye infections.” (1800’s Child Labor in America). This photo is of the Breaker Boys who worked in the Coal mines. This was also another very dangerous jobs that created high child mortality rates because they would be working with explosives. Another factor that made all industrial jobs more dangerous for children is until you are an adult your brain isn’t fully developed for children tend to struggle more with making good judgement decisions.
In the book Child Labor in America it says “Some factories had whipping rooms for little workers who became lazy. Children caught talking or giggling saw their wages cut. During the long days and nights, cold water splashed in the children’s faces to wake them up” (Mofford, Page 7). This relates to how child labor was not only forced upon these children but they were tortured with deprivation of sleep which caused them to fall ill and not be able to work at all. I used Voyant to pick apart a journal on the industrial revolution and the three words and that were used very frequently were Child, Labor, and economic. This proves that not only are industrial revolutions involved in the practice of child labor but it comes from the economic struggles of a society. I found an article through twitter relating to the current day child labor struggles in Pakistan. This also proves how economic struggles directly relate to child labor which relates to child mortality rates.
In conclusion Child Labor and mortality rates are caused by Struggling economies such as the Industrial Revolution. The solution to this issue is to reach out to current day struggling economies and offer our help. Although our economy today is not the greatest, we need to be thankful for what we have and do whatever we can to make help the people living in less fortunate economies.