This exhibit shows how the Civil War led to the abolishment of slavery in United States.
Subject A: Source 1, 2
Maps (Secondary); Numbers (Primary)
Before the Civil War began it was very common for people to own slaves. In fact, by 1860 there was roughly 1.2 million slaves dispatched throughout the United States. Some plantations would own anywhere from 150 -250 slaves at a time. During the Civil War roughly 180,000 slaves served in the Union Army.
These two sources supports my thesis because it gives insight on the number of slaves and the spread of slavery throughout the United States in 1860 before the Civil War. Combined with other sources, it helps to show proof that slavery was an issue before the Civil War, and that during and afterwards, slavery became almost nonexistent.
Mullen, Lincoln. “These Maps Reveal How Slavery Expanded Across the United States.” Smithsonian.com. May 15, 2014. Accessed April 28, 2017. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/maps-reveal-slavery-expanded-across-united-states-180951452/.
Subject B: Source 2,3,4, 5
Time (Primary); Image (Primary); Social Media (Secondary); Words (Primary)
The Civil War began in 1860 and lasted until roughly 1865. During that time, there were many different events that led to the abolishment of slavery. Lincoln being elected as President in 1860 played a major role in the abolishment of slavery. In 1862 Lincoln issued the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. However, in 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect, effectively freeing any slaves in Confederate states in hopes to convince Confederate states to return to the Union. Throughout the Civil War it was also declared that slaves who acted as soldiers would return home emancipated. In 1865, the 13th amendment was passed, completely abolishing slavery.
These four sources support my thesis because they show multiple events and laws passed leading to the abolishment of slavery that happened during or because of the Civil War. Without these events, the abolishment of slavery would’ve been prolonged. Many of the laws put in place were due to the Union wanting to try to switch Confederate states over to their side.
“Emancipation.” National Museum of American History. August 26, 2013. Accessed April 28, 2017. http://americanhistory.si.edu/changing-america-emancipation-proclamation-1863-and-march-washington-1963/1863/emancipation.
Umansky, David. CivilWar@Smithsonian Timeline. Accessed April 28, 2017. http://www.civilwar.si.edu/timeline.html.
Jacobin. “The Civil War inaugurated a titanic revolution that brought slavery to an end and broke the planter class.https://t.co/ikJZGUuDIk.” Twitter. April 10, 2017. Accessed April 28, 2017. https://twitter.com/jacobinmag/status/851229082109005824.
Levine, Bruce C. Half slave and half free: the roots of the Civil War. New York: Hill and Wang, 2005.