History of Bryant Ave

Theme: “Home”  

The Source Descriptions: 

Source number one: is about the creation of the parks within Bryant Ave and other parts of Minnesota in regards to how much it cost, the year it was created, and the reason for the parks creation and history.

Source number two: is about the lineage and history of the brewing families within the areas of (Lowery Hills and Bryant Ave, Minnesota).

Source number three: is an interactive map of the Hennepin area, which is used for locating homes and business building addresses, which presents the history of the beginnings of the location.

Source number four: is about bring together the findings from over one decades of surveying and documentation activities in order to examine the past efforts and to give directions to the next era of heritage / cultural preservation of Minnesota.

The development of “Bryant Ave” from the areas of Bryant Square to Mueller Park and within the location is the Brewing District of the street has slowly expanded into a community during the years of 1900s through the 1950s. As the expansion and development of the three areas in “Bryant Ave” from its original state in the year 1900 to 1950s has created a big change within the area, bring many to its parts to create a home. Thus, the brewing districts and parks come together to create a connection to a feeling of home by gradually expanding the community and bringing forth an effort into building the parks and creating a community called home. 

The communities in both present and modern Bryant Ave have put in tremendous effort to expand exponentially throughout the years to create what is today. Therefore, the vast expansion of the community has both increase and decrease significantly causing an influx of dramatic change. Thus, from this influx has cause the community’s status to transition from being an exclusive middle class suburb to a lower class suburb and the deterioration of the brewing districts that once have existed. However, the interesting part of this change is the issue of suburbanization has not cause a negative change but rather a positive one. This is due to the new developments / creations of homes (Suburbanization). Thus, helped create a new community called home, but without the brewing district. Hence, the issue of home has been resolved until a later date in history.

Sources: 

1.) Kullberg, Kathy. “ON TAP: MPLS BEER HISTORY.” Minny Apple Minnesota Weather & News(blog), June 21, 2015. Accessed December 6, 2018. http://www.minnyapple.com/blog/2015/06/21/tap-mpls-beer-history/

2.) “Instructions.” Property Interactive Map | Hennepin County. Accessed December 6, 2018. https://gis.hennepin.us/property/map/

3.) Stark, E. William. “Historic Resources Inventory Capstone, Minneapolis, Minnesota.” Stark Preservation LLC, July 2013. Accessed December 6, 2018.  http://www.minneapolismn.gov/www/groups/public/@cped/documents/webcontent/wcms1p-114144.pdf.

4.) Elwood, S. Corser. “Minneapolis Park Histories.” PDF. Minneapolis. Minneapolis Park & Recreation Board. Accessed December 6, 2018.  http://www.minnyapple.com/blog/2015/06/21/tap-mpls-beer-history/.

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Bryant Ave. Dunwoody

Dunwoody Institute has improved the lives of many in Minnesota as well as people who live near Bryant Ave. The four sources I have used prove this point. Roy Briggs was able to get his pilots license after being in the civil war in the later 1920’s.(Minneapolis Morning Tribune). Without the school in the 1920’s there would not have been opportunities for people like Roy.  My sources are compiled of newspaper articles from the 1920’s, and other databases about the history of Dunwoody. These articles relate to each other because they show a direct effect of the history of the college being in Minnesota. These articles also show the growing trend of going to secondary education after public school for many people in Minnesota. Dunwoody was created under the premise of not judging someone based on race or religion and more focused on helping the general public acquire skills for life. The more you look at the articles the more you can see how established Dunwoody is and their mission statement from the founder William Hood Dunwoody. (College History Dunwoody). The school was often asked to figure out ways to fix Minneapolis’ problems with technical jobs such as a smoke problem in the late 1920’s (Minnesota Tribune). As time went on the school became more established within the community of Minneapolis.  One reason this school is relevant til this day is the opportunities it is still giving people without having to go to a 4 year college. The college is a great resource for the Twin Cities to have to help the community thrive as it has for many years in the past.

  1. College, Dunwoody. “History.” Razor Tie Artery Foundation Announce New Joint Venture Recordings | Razor & Tie, Rovi Corporation, 4 June 2004, web.archive.org/web/20080612042021/http://www.dunwoody.edu/content/default.cfm?pid=7.
  2. Hughes, Art. “Tech College Sees Future of Minnesota Work Force in Minority Students.” Minnesota Public Radio News, MPRnews, 31 Jan. 2007, http://www.mprnews.org/story/2007/01/30/techminority.
  3. “Minneapolis Morning Tribune.” MNHS Hub – Viewer, newspapers.mnhs.org/jsp/viewer.jsp?doc_id=mnhi0005%2F1DFC5G5C%2F20040601&query1=&recoffset=0&collection_filter=All&collection_name=addabf07-f848-43e3-a488-2782562f220d&sort_col=relevance&cnt=0&CurSearchNum=5&recOffset=0.
  4. Tribune, Minnesota. “Board Asks Dunwoody for Help.” MNHS Hub – Viewer, The Minneapolis Tribune, newspapers.mnhs.org/jsp/viewer.jsp?doc_id=mnhi0005%2F1DFC5G5B%2F15103101&query1=&recoffset=0&collection_filter=All&collection_name=addabf07-f848-43e3-a488-2782562f220d&sort_col=relevance&cnt=3&CurSearchNum=2&recOffset=0.

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What Christians believed caused the Black Plague Kathryn Lee

The plague, commonly referred to as the black death was”A great mortality … destroyed more than a third of the men, women and children” in the 14th and 15th century . The common ideology from about the origins and causes of the plague lead back to Aristotle’s “natural Philosophy.”  Natural Philosophy is the ideal that there are four causes to everything: a maker, a plan, material, and a reason for making it(). Every European, from commoners to doctors, believed that the plague’s “Maker” was god(1). They believed it was a punishment for sins, comparing the plague to bible stories such as Noah’s Arch or the plagues Moses set upon Egypt. It’s important to know this information because we can get a better understanding of the lives and ideologies of lives lead during the Black Plague. 

  1. Bryne, Joseph P. The Black Death. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2004.

“Chronicle of the Black Death.” The British Library. Accessed December 07, 2018. http://www.bl.uk/learning/timeline/item103973.html.

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Modern Day Monopolies

Mansa Musa is known as the richest man in the world history. Most of this wealth that he had came from his monopoly of gold and salt businesses in Africa. 3025921

This image of Mansa Musa from 1312-1337 shows him holding a golden nugget, wearing gold, and sitting on a golden throne.  This significant stock of gold that Mansa Musa had helped him with his journey to Mecca.

Today’s wealthiest companies in the world get their money from monopolizing a certain market of goods. An article “America’s monopoly problem, in one chart” from Vox as an example of monopoly in our modern day states that, “The Open Markets Institute report lists four cellphone providers that control 98 percent of the market — Verizon, AT&T, T-Mobile, and Sprint”. This is just one example of a monopoly in the US. No matter what product you are looking for, food, clothes, cars, electronics, cat food, all of these industries have a couple of leading companies that control like 95% of the market.

A good example that would parallel with Mansa Musa is the Amazon’s CEO Jeff Bezos, known to be the richest person in the world with net worth of around $141 billion. The article says that, “…[Amazon] could eventually become so big that it can control what shipping companies such as FedEx and UPS charge it, and, in areas where it becomes a dominant buyer of labor, could contribute to pushing employee wages down”. Now if you ask yourself if that’s a good thing, what would you say. I would say that it is a good thing, and that everyone loves Amazon, and yet even if you don’t like Amazon, there are still plenty of other places like eBay and Ali Express where you can shop. And later in the article the author says that, “Amazon last month announced it would raise its minimum wage for workers to $15 an hour”, so we don’t have to worry about the wages going down.

Now, you might ask, is monopoly a good thing or a bad thing? Was Mansa Musa’s monopoly of gold and salt businesses a bad thing? My answer would be that I don’t know. It depends what perspective you are looking at it from. The pros of modern day monopolies could be a lot of job opportunities. These big companies have enough money to hire people and create more jobs and make more products. Or you could say that people are just used to the companies that control the most of the market. Everyone likes the prices, is pleased with the product and don’t want any changes. The cons could be that smaller companies that want to start a business in a specific field would just get destroyed by other giant companies, and would run out of business. Or some people don’t like the mainstream products, and want something new. But I don’t see any people being mad at modern day monopolies. Everyone is used to the way the things are, and still the leading companies offer a variety of products that you can choose from. So I guess that monopolies in our world are a good thing.

 

Citations:

British Museum, The Kingdom of Mali, Sheet 2, Source 6: Mansa Musa holding a gold ingot from the Catalan Atlas, 1375
© Bibliothèque National de France https://shanesafricaproject.weebly.com/primary-source1.html

Emily Steward (Nov 26, 2018). “America’s monopoly problem, in one chart”. https://www.vox.com/2018/11/26/18112651/monopoly-open-markets-institute-report-concentration

 

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Medieval Medicine

When I was on Pinterest I was this picture of a man with black fingers with the caption, “Paul Gaylord will lose his fingers after he contracted the black plague while attempting to rescue a choking cat”. I clicked on the pin and found out he would be getting his fingers and toes amputated. His cat had a rat stuck in its throat and he decided to take it out with his hand. When he went to the doctor they believed he had cat scratch fever. He went to the doctor again after he got worse and his organs began to fail because of being misdiagnosed. They dug up his cat since it died and tested it for the plague, which came back positive. He was intensive care and had to change his lifestyle to make sure it’s not a threat to his weak immune system.

I also found a journal and some manuscripts from the medieval times about medicine and treatments. The manuscripts mentioned how they would diagnose someone by reading pulses and urine. They also made comments about changing one’s diet

Today urine and pulses are still taken when you go to the doctor even for a checkup. Even then dietary advice was given and being told to make life changes that probably weren’t practised before. Paul had to clean and rebuild his house to make sure it would not damage his weak immune system in the future.

Minnesota is next to the west side so it can be a concern for us and also because of travelling. Minnesotan’s have lots of pets too, so what happened to this man could happen to us. Something innocent like saving our cat.

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The Plague

I found a news story on CNN reporting a plague outbreak in Madagascar last year. According to the article, health officials have “seen an unexpected number of cases of pneumonic plague, which transmits more easily from person to person. Of the 684 cases reported as of October 12, 474 were pneumonic plague, 156 bubonic and 1 septicemic plague” (CNN.com). Pneumonic plague is the only plague of the three that can spread via coughing or sneezing.

In the late Middle Ages, when the plague struck and killed ½ of the entire population of Europe, people were losing their minds. No one was safe from it, no matter their income or their bloodline, and according to Giovanni Boccaccio, an Italian writer who described the onset of the Plague in The Decameron, the people were vastly different in how they handled the plague. Some hid away and avoided all luxury. Others, with the idea that they would die soon, began to live lavish lives in the hopes that they would die having at least enjoyed themselves. Everyone did whatever they wanted, partly because they were afraid of having lived unfulfilled lives and partly because so many of the religious figures and law enforcement were dead and the ones remaining were too few in number to really do anything. No one knew what was causing or spreading the plague. As a result, there were many superstitions and religious theories about where it came from. For example, large numbers of cats were killed by Europeans because of the belief that they were bad luck, which exacerbated the plague issue. The plague was predominantly spread by rats carrying infected fleas, and with a diminishing cat population, the plague-carrying rats spread even more. Boccaccio, like many others, believed that the “deadly pestilence came into the noble city of Florence because of the just wrath of God mandating punishment for our iniquitous ways” (Boccaccio, The Decameron).

The plague should matter to modern Minnesotans because it is still around, infecting people. Truthfully, I did not know that it is still around until I started researching. It does not have the same devastating effects today because their are antibiotics that can kill the plague bacteria, thankfully. But it is still there, and people should remember the effects it had on the world back in the day, and be amazed that what once wiped out half an entire continent can be treated now with antibiotics. It definitely amazed me.

 

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Black Death

I was looking on Pinterest, scrolling through pins based off of the Black Death. I came across an article called “Was The Black Death a Virus?”. After reading this article, it goes into the effects of the black death. There was high mortality rate, it spread very quickly, easily infectious, there were “awful odors, bruise-like splotches and disrupted nervous systems that resulted in delirium and stupor.” This article explains Black Death but compares it to other illnesses such as modern-day bubonic plague, and buboes which have little similarities to Black Death itself. It points out that the disease came from fleas off of rats which infected humans and therefore spread. But looking at the spread across the world it took, the fleas should’ve died in the cold months, in which the migration of the infection doesn’t show. The article points out how a tumor back in that day, wouldn’t be the same definition of a tumor in modern-day health. So it makes me question: Was this a illness that occurred once and we didn’t correctly diagnose it? Or could it still be around because we were as intellectual back in those days? Or, could it simply be the same bubonic plague we have today, we’ve just grown to defend against the virus better?

This ties into another article I read from ABC news called, “Yes, the plague still exists, here’s what it’s like now in the US”. The news goes in to the fact of these children getting the bubonic plague, but being easily treatable with antibiotics. They state that the plague isn’t as severe, being deadly, as it use to be, and is treatable. Saying that there won’t be “another black death”. It also covers data showing the decreasing bubonic plague cases over the past few years.

After reading both of these articles, I noticed that the second one gives an answer to one of my questions. “Could it simply be the same bubonic plague we have today, we’re just grown to defend against the virus better?”. This article supports the idea of it is the same virus, we’re just in better health and therefore we won’t struggle as badly fighting against the illness as they did when the Black Death went around.

Though the second article makes a point that this virus isn’t common, it’s still dangerous and still around even after this many years. This could be a concern for Minnesotans. What if the bubonic plague hits Minnesota? No it wouldn’t be sudden death for anyone, but with the weather we receive it might not help getting the normal winter sickness, with a splash of bubonic plague on top.

Contemporary

Primary

 

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