Tag Archives: 1133

Razing of Sharei Zedeck

This exhibit demonstrates that the Jewish Orthodox is expanding their population by their renovated and thriving synagogue in Minnetonka despite of their hardships of their demolished synagogues in North Minneapolis on Bryant Avenue and their relocation on Morgan Avenue.

Sharei Zedeck synagogue which was also known as “Greener shul” (green synagogue, was established during the immigrant era. Those who represented the synagogue during the immigrant era were also called the “greenhorns.” Orthodox Jews fled their homelands in Israel. They found their ways to Minneapolis as they found jobs in their community of business fabrics. Sharei Zedeck synagogue was the last Orthodox in Minneapolis during the immigrant era. Before 1920, it was originally called Bet Ahron. The synagogue was located on on 726 Bryant Avenue North. In 1936, the synagogue was demolished to make room for Sumner Field housing project, a community for African Americans.

Later that year, they built a new synagogue on 1119 Morgan Avenue. An architectural firm even designed the new synagogue to be green since the nickname decided to stay within their community. They also had a new nickname, “Morgan shul.” In 1969, Sharei Zedeck sold its synagogue to Missionary Baptist Church. This forced Sharei Zedeck to merge with another synagogue that goes by Gemelus Chesed that was located in St. Louis Park. In 1973, both synagogues combined their names to Sharei Chesed Congregation. The two legendary Rabbis from each synagogue, S.I Levin (Sharei Zedeck synagogue) and George S. Sektor (Gemelus Chesed synagogue) successfully led the new Congregation.

Essentially, Sharei Chesed Congregation relocated to a new home in Minnetonka, 2008 and is now thriving because of their community center, Shabbat programs, their religious services, and children’s opportunities to attend school that are lead in English and Hebrew. Their spiritual leader currently is Rabbi Daniel Ettedgui.

S.I Levin, who led the Sharei Zedeck Synagogue and the merged Sharei Chesed Congregation for more than sixty-three years. Was acknowledged to be one of the highly and respected dean of Minneapolis Orthodox rabbis. He was also a writer for the Hebrew journals and was also a founder of the Minneapolis Federation and the Jewish family and Children’s Service. He died in 1984.

In conclusion, all my sources indicate that renowned synagogue Sharei Chesed is quite successful because of their beautiful and Modern location in Minnetonka. Regardless of the difficulties the Jewish Orthodox had to endure when Sharei Zedeck was razed on Bryant Avenue and the selling of their synagogue on Morgan Avenue. Sharei Chesed Congregation is among one of the best and well respected religious institutions here in Minnesota.

**Bibliography**

Primary Source One: Images 

“Razing of Sharei Zedeck Synagogue, 726 Bryant Avenue North, Minneapolis.” MNopedia. Accessed May 03, 2019. http://www.mnopedia.org/multimedia/razing-sharei-zedeck-synagogue-726-bryant-avenue-north-minneapolis.

“Sharei Zedeck Synagogue, 726 Bryant Avenue North, Razed for Sumner Field Project, Minneapolis.” Mnhs.org. Accessed May 04, 2019.http://collections.mnhs.org/cms/largerimage?irn=10104440&catirn=10722713&return=q=sharei zedeck.

Primary Source Two: Timeline

“Sharei Chesed Congregation, Minnetonka.” MNopedia. Accessed May 15, 2019. http://www.mnopedia.org/group/sharei-chesed-congregation-minnetonka.

Secondary Source One: Words

“Sharei Zedeck Synagogue.” Sharei Zedeck Synagogue – City of Minneapolis. Accessed May 04, 2019.http://www.minneapolismn.gov/hpc/landmarks/hpc_landmarks_morgan_ave_n_1119_sharei_zedeck_synagogue.

Secondary Source Two: Words

“Sharei Zedeck.” Placeography RSS. Accessed May 04, 2019.http://www.placeography.org/index.php/Sharei_Zedeck.

Secondary Source Three: Social Media

“Old Minneapolis.” Old Minneapolis – Sharei Zedeck Synagogue 726 Bryant… Accessed May 04, 2019.https://www.facebook.com/oldmpls/photos/a.119636488056535/705089496177895/?type=1&theater.

Secondary Source Four: Words

Shareichesed.org. Accessed May 15, 2019. http://www.shareichesed.org/history.html.

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Minnesota history: Final project

Taha Hassan

The Allan spear colonnade

Minnesota history

Final project  

The Allan spear colonnade in Mueller park is a very historic location for Minnesota history not because of Allan spear but for what he did for others. This exhibit demonstrates the role Allan spear played in important legislation for the rights of the LGBT community. With the sources I found I will support my thesis. To begin who is Allan spear and why was the memorial placed in Mueller park. According to mnopedia Allan spear was the first openly gay man in the the untied states to serve as a state legislator. Allan Spear also fought for the rights of the LGBT community in Minnesota and was the leading reason for the amendment of the Minnesota human rights act in 1993. This amendment included the prohibition of discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Allan spear was born in 1937 to Esther and Irving spear on June 24 in Michigan city Indiana. He was impacted by the kidnap and murder of Emmett till at the age of 18 and took part in the walk on Washington on august 28 1963. These events led to his sense of justice and were the reason he studied and taught African American studies. Allan spear continued teaching and studying African American studies until he was elected as a member of the Minnesota senate. In the year 1974 after an interview with the Minneapolis star on December 9th Allan spear became the first openly gay man to serve in state legislator in the united states.  from the years between 1974 to 1993 when the amendment was passed Allan spear fought for the LGBT community to be recognized in the human rights act of Minnesota. Now as for the reason to why the memorial/colonnade was placed at Mueller park. According to his autobiography Allan spear lived a block away from the park while he lived in Minnesota. the park was his local place to relax outside. This was the only reason why the colonnade was placed there. Now on to what he did for the LGBT community. As I stated many times before Allan spear was the main reason for the amendment of the Human rights act in the year of 1993. Before 1993 in Minnesota people could discriminate against people based on sexual orientation and sexual preference this was done in hotels, dinners and many more places. because of the amendment and the prohibition of discrimination based on sexual orientation and preference that Allan spear worked 20 years to obtain. the LGBT community can live freely in Minnesota. Now according to the current human rights act, the LGBT community is protected in employment, housing, public accommodation such as bathrooms, public service, education, credit and business. Allan spear set the precedent for other forms of LGBT rights in Minnesota as well some of them being the right to a legal marriage between two men and two women as well as the right to adopt children. All these freedoms exist because of Allan Spear. As Allan spear stated in the senate hearing “senate file 444 is an amendment to are state human rights law that would add the category of sexual or effectual orientation to the categories that are already protected under that law. it would prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in housing, employment, public accommodations, public service, access to education, and access to credit”. Allan spear also had Some other things that he tried to have amended that related to LGBT right, but did not see to completion during his lifetime. Allan spear passed away in the year 2008 due to heart complications but his legacy still lives on today.  As you can see Allan spear was the reason we have rights for members of the LGBT community in Minnesota. the amendment of human rights act with the help of Allan spear changed the lives of many LGBT Minnesotans in a historic manner. This change impacted and helped the lives of many in the  Minnesota homes of the LGBT community  around the state . The sources I provided in this blog show and prove my thesis to be true.  It is because of Allan spear and the role that he played in important LGBT legislator that many Minnesotans have the ability to live free in this state. if you want to learn more about Allan spear or the senate hearing check out the sites/sources below or checkout his autobiography at your local library.

1. Spear, Allan H. Crossing the Barriers : the Autobiography of Allan H. Spear . University of Minnesota Press, 2010.

2. Matheson, Jack. “Spear, Allan Henry (1937–2008).” MNopedia. Accessed May 04, 2019. http://www.mnopedia.org/person/spear-allan-henry-1937-2008.

3. Your Rights Under The Minnesota Human Rights Act. PDF. Minnesota Department of HUMAN RIGHTS, May 2013.

4. Services, Minnesota Senate Media. YouTube. May 12, 2013. Accessed May 04, 2019. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_P6J3rJgyq0.

      

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Theodore Wirth House 1905-1915

Theodore Wirth House 1905-1915

The Theodore Wirth House, which was constructed at 3954 Bryant Avenue South in Minneapolis, is colonial revival style house completed in 1910. Having stood for nine years longer than a century, it is a nationally and locally historically recognized house though at the time of its groundbreaking it was not without controversy. To understand the conflicts surrounding the construction, some background is needed.

Theodore Wirth was a parks superintendent who was responsible for nearly tripling the acres of publicly owned park land in Minneapolis. The Theodore Wirth house was built on Bryant Park land using public funds from the city of Minneapolis. Wirth was attracted to the post in Minnesota with an agreement, one which he enjoyed in his former career in Connecticut state parks. Among the concessions made in 1904 to lure him from his previous post was the construction of a home for Wirth on public land so that he may act as a caretaker of the new city parks lands. Though the home and it’s location anuihnd funding would prove to be controversial, the major argument ensued due to one simple problem above all the others. There was no written record of the agreement! There were legal challenges which nearly doomed the house. Finally, due in part to additional land being donated for the purpose by James J Hill and Thomas Lowry along with a positive decision by the Minnesota Supreme Court, the project was cleared to begin.

The Theodore Wirth House was the residence of Theodore Wirth from 1910, through his retirement in 1935, until 1945. Today, on a hill above a park and ballfields, continues to stand the sturdy stucco sided home which begins to show its age. Today is home mainly to offices for the parks and recreation board, though many parks superintendents have resided there over the years. Through the squabbles of the past was constructed the building acting as the center for the enduring parks department of Minneapolis.

Akre, John, director. Thedore Wirth’s History Book and Historic House Tour. YouTube, YouTube,

4 Dec. 2011, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5HN3gAqq_PE.

Roberts, Kate. Minnesota 150: the People, Places, and Things That Shape Our State. Minnesota

Historical Society Press, 2007.

“Theodore Wirth House.” Theodore Wirth House – City of Minneapolis, 7 Feb. 2019,

http://www.minneapolismn.gov/hpc/landmarks/hpc_landmarks_bryant_ave_s_3954_theodore_wirth_house.

http://www.mnhs.org/preserve/nrhp/nomination/02000611.pdf

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Walker Art Center

This exhibit will show how the Walker Art Center has influenced local Minnesotans thanks to its educational programs that it has hosted since its founding in 1940.

Walker art is located here. It is located in a very active area in the Twin Cities. Since its founding in the forties, it has been a major supporter of local artists and a invaluable educator. This exhibit focuses on the Walker from 1940 to 1990.

In the 1940’s the Walker held classes to teach people how to make art. In the 50’s, the focus changed to helping people interpret art. In his thirty year tenure as director of the Walker, Martin Friedman lead many education programs, such as the 1968 Walker-Bryant Art Workshop, the Walker’s first community-based outreach program for teens. Friedman took pride in hosting a variety of diverse exhibits, hosting artworks so people could learn more about the rapidly changing art world. In 1984, the Walker art lab was founded, which was a studio classroom.

This image is of a class being held at the Walker in 1940.

There are specific examples of the Walker being used for education. The above image is of a sculpting class being held in 1940, the first year of the Walker, showing that the Walker has been committed to education since its very first year. We know that the Walker shifted its focus from teaching art to teaching people how to interpret art. In the book, Walker Art Center: Painting and Sculpture from the Collection, Martin Freidman talks about creating a diverse array of exhibits showcasing all different types of art, both local and international. There are even instances of local school children being taught by local artists who have been supported by the Walker. This 1979 newspaper article describes how an artist who has had talked about his Indian poetry at the Walker has visited schools and helped educate and support young people.

Overall, the Walker art center has had a strong history of educating local Minnesotans with it education programs ever since its very first year. Today, it still continues to be a important educator of the arts to many people.

Sources

“Education & Public Programs.” Education & Public Programs. Accessed May 03, 2019. https://walkerart.org/about/education-public-programs.

“A History of Place: Open Field.” Walker Art Center. Accessed May 03, 2019. https://walkerart.org/magazine/a-history-of-place-open-field. (source for image)

“WALKER ART CENTER TIMELINE.” Walker Art. http://media.walkerart.org/pdf/WAC.PR.Timelineupdate.pdf.

“Walker Map.” ArcGIS. Accessed May 03, 2019. (http://arcg.is/1X1evm)

“Martinson Rewarded Prize.” The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Cass Lake), May 1, 1979. https://newspapers.mnhs.org/jsp/viewer.jsp?doc_id=mnhi0061/0BZ11K5H/79050101&query1=&recoffset=0&collection_filter=All&collection_name=b0e780ce-3f60-4737-9502-3c5861d696ca&sort_col=relevance&cnt=0&CurSearchNum=9&recOffset=0.

Friedman, Martin. Walker Art Center: Painting and Sculpture from the Collection. New York: Rizzoli, 1990.

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Bryant Square Park

Bryant Square Park has been apart of the Minneapolis since 1907. The historic park, Bryant Square Park, greatly benefits children who live near in vicinity through their physical and mental wellbeing. In the early days of the parks existence, there was not much at the park. The year 1911,

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The Expansion of the Clara Barton School

Education is important to the progression of society. Therefore, public schools are important to the progression of society. That’s why the Clara Barton School was opened in the early 20th century. As the years past, it was found to be insufficiently sized. Because of this, they expanded the school. The increase in the size of the Clara Barton School from the 1910s to the 1920s was vital to the education of the students in the local school-district during the 1960s.

Clara Barton school was built in on Colfax Avenue South in 1915 and was inadequately sized from the initial construction [1]. It even lacked a playground when first built and did not get one until 1922 [2]. Far more important and conclusive than the construction of a playground, in 1923, a mere eight years after the school first opened its door, it obtained an addition [1]. This is no minor addition either, it greatly increased the size of the school.

By comparing the two photos below you can see the scale of the addition.

[5]
[4]

The first of the two photos was taken sometime preceding 1922, before the addition. The second photo was taken much later, in 1947, after the addition was added. Despite the different angle and perceptive these photos were taken from, the addition is clearly visible from difference in the windows. If counted, it is a safe assumption that the school at least doubled in size in 1923.  A glaring issue exists when comparing these photos, there is a significant time frame where other construction besides the 1923 addition could have occurred, but this is unlikely. In a 1962 planning document by the Minneapolis school district, they detail a brief history of the school, and the 1923 addition is the last major construction listed in the document [1].

Going into the 1940s, national elementary-school enrollment was decreasing; this changed drastically in the 50s and 60s. This whiplash left many schools unprepared and inadequately sized for the sudden influence of students [3]. The previously mentioned 1962 planning document gives an important insight into the state of this situation at Clara Barton. The school was not immune to this influx. The school was above its rated occupancy of 450 students for most of the 1950s, having more than 500 students at times. Now imagine if that 1923 additions had not happened [1]. Its occupancy would most likely have been less than 250 students. This would have forced many of the students at Clara Barton to either go to a different school or find themselves without an education. 

But the students did not find themselves having to do that. That is because of the 1920s expansion which greatly increased the number of students the Clara Barton School could hold which was vital to those students in the 60s. While the school could have certainly used another upgrade after the expansion in the 20s, that does not lessen the good of the expansion it received.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

[1]: “Barton Elementary School Planning for the Future.” Minneapolis Public Schools History, 1963, mpshistory.mpls.k12.mn.us/uploads/pff-1963-barton.pdf.

[2]: “Barton School Approves Plan.” The Minneapolis Morning Tribune, 28 May 1922, pp. 68–68.

[3]: Boyer, Philip A. “Conditions Affecting the Guidance Program.” Review of Educational Research, vol. 21, no. 2, 1951, pp. 86–105. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1168332.

[4]: Minneapolis Star Journal Tribune. Clara Barton School, 4247 Colfax Avenue South, Minneapolis. 18 Mar. 1942, collections.mnhs.org/cms/display.php?irn=10725311.

[5]: Shutter, Marion D. “Educational Development.” History of Minneapolis: Gateway to the Northwest, vol. 1, Higginson Book Company, 1923, pp. 407–407.

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Clara Barton Open School’s Importance in Bryant Ave (1960s)

In this article, i shall be talking about the Clara Barton Elementary School, and its importance of their changes around the 1960s for its students.

1. Barton Elementary School Planning for the Future.” _Minneapolis Public Schools History_, 1963, mpshistory.mpls.k12.mn.us/uploads/pff-1963-barton.pdf (Primary, PDF)

In this source, we can see the many planned changes of the school, in which would be implemented over time, many of which are structural changes to the building itself.  Although there is not much information on the school during the 60s, we can see how the school needed to be modernized to be up to date, and after these structural changes, they might have done some changes in the system itself in other to bring a diversified educational environment.

 

2. “Barton Elementary School Fire Report.” *Minneapolis Public Schools History*, 1931, mpshistory.mpls.k12.mn.us/uploads/fire-report-1931-barton.pdf (Primary, PDF)

Although this was not during the 60s, we can see that even back then in the 1930s, they have started planning and improving school safety for the students.

3. Krewinghaus, David. _Clara Barton School_. pbs.twimg.com/media/CGwu18qVIAAfQI6.jpg. (Picture, secondary)

This image here is a present day picture of the Clara Barton School in Bryant Ave.  The overall architecture hasn’t change since the 1910s, but many addons and structural improvements have been made to better give student a safer and healthy educational environment.

 

4. _School Districts 2016_. Minnesota IT Services, http://www.mngeo.state.mn.us/maps/SchoolDistricts2016/sd0991.pdf. (secondary, map)

Just a map to show the district in which Clara Barton School resides in.

 

In conclusion, the school has brought many changes for its student to give them a much improved experience at the school for the people and student in Bryant Avenue at its adjacent areas.

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