Tag Archives: Minnesota History

Razing of Sharei Zedeck

This exhibit demonstrates that the Jewish Orthodox is expanding their population by their renovated and thriving synagogue in Minnetonka despite of their hardships of their demolished synagogues in North Minneapolis on Bryant Avenue and their relocation on Morgan Avenue.

Sharei Zedeck synagogue which was also known as “Greener shul” (green synagogue, was established during the immigrant era. Those who represented the synagogue during the immigrant era were also called the “greenhorns.” Orthodox Jews fled their homelands in Israel. They found their ways to Minneapolis as they found jobs in their community of business fabrics. Sharei Zedeck synagogue was the last Orthodox in Minneapolis during the immigrant era. Before 1920, it was originally called Bet Ahron. The synagogue was located on on 726 Bryant Avenue North. In 1936, the synagogue was demolished to make room for Sumner Field housing project, a community for African Americans.

Later that year, they built a new synagogue on 1119 Morgan Avenue. An architectural firm even designed the new synagogue to be green since the nickname decided to stay within their community. They also had a new nickname, “Morgan shul.” In 1969, Sharei Zedeck sold its synagogue to Missionary Baptist Church. This forced Sharei Zedeck to merge with another synagogue that goes by Gemelus Chesed that was located in St. Louis Park. In 1973, both synagogues combined their names to Sharei Chesed Congregation. The two legendary Rabbis from each synagogue, S.I Levin (Sharei Zedeck synagogue) and George S. Sektor (Gemelus Chesed synagogue) successfully led the new Congregation.

Essentially, Sharei Chesed Congregation relocated to a new home in Minnetonka, 2008 and is now thriving because of their community center, Shabbat programs, their religious services, and children’s opportunities to attend school that are lead in English and Hebrew. Their spiritual leader currently is Rabbi Daniel Ettedgui.

S.I Levin, who led the Sharei Zedeck Synagogue and the merged Sharei Chesed Congregation for more than sixty-three years. Was acknowledged to be one of the highly and respected dean of Minneapolis Orthodox rabbis. He was also a writer for the Hebrew journals and was also a founder of the Minneapolis Federation and the Jewish family and Children’s Service. He died in 1984.

In conclusion, all my sources indicate that renowned synagogue Sharei Chesed is quite successful because of their beautiful and Modern location in Minnetonka. Regardless of the difficulties the Jewish Orthodox had to endure when Sharei Zedeck was razed on Bryant Avenue and the selling of their synagogue on Morgan Avenue. Sharei Chesed Congregation is among one of the best and well respected religious institutions here in Minnesota.

**Bibliography**

Primary Source One: Images 

“Razing of Sharei Zedeck Synagogue, 726 Bryant Avenue North, Minneapolis.” MNopedia. Accessed May 03, 2019. http://www.mnopedia.org/multimedia/razing-sharei-zedeck-synagogue-726-bryant-avenue-north-minneapolis.

“Sharei Zedeck Synagogue, 726 Bryant Avenue North, Razed for Sumner Field Project, Minneapolis.” Mnhs.org. Accessed May 04, 2019.http://collections.mnhs.org/cms/largerimage?irn=10104440&catirn=10722713&return=q=sharei zedeck.

Primary Source Two: Timeline

“Sharei Chesed Congregation, Minnetonka.” MNopedia. Accessed May 15, 2019. http://www.mnopedia.org/group/sharei-chesed-congregation-minnetonka.

Secondary Source One: Words

“Sharei Zedeck Synagogue.” Sharei Zedeck Synagogue – City of Minneapolis. Accessed May 04, 2019.http://www.minneapolismn.gov/hpc/landmarks/hpc_landmarks_morgan_ave_n_1119_sharei_zedeck_synagogue.

Secondary Source Two: Words

“Sharei Zedeck.” Placeography RSS. Accessed May 04, 2019.http://www.placeography.org/index.php/Sharei_Zedeck.

Secondary Source Three: Social Media

“Old Minneapolis.” Old Minneapolis – Sharei Zedeck Synagogue 726 Bryant… Accessed May 04, 2019.https://www.facebook.com/oldmpls/photos/a.119636488056535/705089496177895/?type=1&theater.

Secondary Source Four: Words

Shareichesed.org. Accessed May 15, 2019. http://www.shareichesed.org/history.html.

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How the establishment of the Church of the Ascension demonstrates the increase in Irish immigrants and Irish culture in late 19th century Minneapolis.

In the 19th century Ireland faced many problems. Famine, strife, political instability, and other issues. Due to these issues many Irish immigrants made their way to the U.S. and as they spread out around the country, one of the places they chose as their new homes was Minnesota, more specifically, Minneapolis.

The Church of the Ascension was built in 1890 by Father Alexander Christie. it became a place of community for Catholic immigrants in Minneapolis in what is now the Old Highland neighborhood. The area consisted mostly of Irish immigrants as well as some Catholic German immigrants. The first look of the church can be seen in the image at the bottom of the page. The Church of the Ascension parish continued to become a bigger part of Irish culture in Minneapolis over time, In an Irish newspaper titled “Irish Standard” there are many things posted about the Church of the Ascension, which continued to demonstrate it’s presence as a physical place where Irish immigrants could come together under similar beliefs to gain a better sense of community in a foreign country.

The location in Minneapolis helped contribute to an increase in the size of the surrounding Old Highland neighborhood which became a heart for Irish immigrants in an ever-growing city. The original parish of the church consisted of only about four families but as time went on it grew to become a large place of meeting for immigrants. In 1894, Father Jeremiah Harrington opened the Ascension school which help provide many immigrant children with the opportunity to an education. The Church of the Ascension was an important part of the history and development of Irish culture and community in Minneapolis from the late 19th century all the way up through today.

References

Old Highland Neighborhood Association, “1723 Bryant Avenue North: Church of the Ascension,” Minneapolis Historical, accessed May 2, 2019, http://minneapolishistorical.org/items/show/7.

“The Irish Standard.” MNHS Hub – Viewer, The Irish Standard, newspapers.mnhs.org/jsp/viewer.jsp?doc_id=mnhi0031/1HMAPJ59/99101401&query1=&recoffset=0&collection_filter=All&collection_name=38baad88-7c77-44da-93ec-3f50ff215e88&sort_col=relevance&cnt=0&CurSearchNum=1&recOffset=0.

Map

http://www.arcgis.com/home/webmap/viewer.html?webmap=e0e82ddc0022469dbde4d09d6fa0bff7

“Catholic Church Records for St. Paul/Minneapolis.” Catholic Church Records for St. Paul and Minneapolis, irishgenealogical.org/cpage.php?pt=22.

Church oF A

 

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Clara Barton Open School’s Importance in Bryant Ave (1960s)

In this article, i shall be talking about the Clara Barton Elementary School, and its importance of their changes around the 1960s for its students.

1. Barton Elementary School Planning for the Future.” _Minneapolis Public Schools History_, 1963, mpshistory.mpls.k12.mn.us/uploads/pff-1963-barton.pdf (Primary, PDF)

In this source, we can see the many planned changes of the school, in which would be implemented over time, many of which are structural changes to the building itself.  Although there is not much information on the school during the 60s, we can see how the school needed to be modernized to be up to date, and after these structural changes, they might have done some changes in the system itself in other to bring a diversified educational environment.

 

2. “Barton Elementary School Fire Report.” *Minneapolis Public Schools History*, 1931, mpshistory.mpls.k12.mn.us/uploads/fire-report-1931-barton.pdf (Primary, PDF)

Although this was not during the 60s, we can see that even back then in the 1930s, they have started planning and improving school safety for the students.

3. Krewinghaus, David. _Clara Barton School_. pbs.twimg.com/media/CGwu18qVIAAfQI6.jpg. (Picture, secondary)

This image here is a present day picture of the Clara Barton School in Bryant Ave.  The overall architecture hasn’t change since the 1910s, but many addons and structural improvements have been made to better give student a safer and healthy educational environment.

 

4. _School Districts 2016_. Minnesota IT Services, http://www.mngeo.state.mn.us/maps/SchoolDistricts2016/sd0991.pdf. (secondary, map)

Just a map to show the district in which Clara Barton School resides in.

 

In conclusion, the school has brought many changes for its student to give them a much improved experience at the school for the people and student in Bryant Avenue at its adjacent areas.

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Ascension Place of Haven Housing

When looking across Bryant Avenue, something that quickly grabbed my attention was the region near Bryant Avenue, and 18th Avenue North. The Church of the Ascension, Ascension Catholic School, and Ascension Place of Haven Housing-the obvious connection sparked my interest. But as I looked into the three facilities, I narrowed my focus on Ascension Place, a non-profit transitional living facility for women and their children.

-Ascension Place, located at 1803 Bryant Ave. N, Minneapolis



Ascension Place of Haven Housing. Digital image. Accessed December 18, 2018. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/58dd4d90e6f2e1215e3b2ae7/t/58f4e40d3e00bea40e02362e/1506608418699/ascensionplaceoutside_70.jpg?format=1500w.

So I’d like to demonstrate just how Ascension Place has improved lives, by helping struggling women and children find secure housing.

Through their partnership with St. Anne’s Place of Haven Housing, an emergency shelter for women and children; and Next Step Housing, a permanent housing program with a site-based apartment building in North Minneapolis, Ascension Place has helped several families out of rough spots.

Getting to the point, the topic at large-is homelessness. These are the sources I’ve chosen.

My first source is a book, “Homelessness Handbook”, published by Berkshire Publishing Group and edited by David Levinson and Marcy Ross. The aforementioned is a collection of educated opinions and historical analysis on the many facets of homelessness, in the United States, and around the world. I’ve specifically cited the section on homeless women, and some prevailing causes among them.

Barrow, Susan M. “”Homeless Women”.” Edited by Mary Ross and David Levinson. In Homelessness Handbook, 65. Massachusetts: Berkshire Publishing Group LLC, 2007.

The second source I’ve chosen are the 2015, 2016, and 2017 annual reports of Ascension Place and its partners. The reports provide an insight into how many have benefited from the facilities.

Ascension Place Inc. “Ascension Place Inc. Annual Report 2015, 2016, 2017.” Accessed December 18, 2018. https://www.havenhousing.org/annual-reports/.

The third source I’ve chosen is an article by MinnPost that describes the homeless issue in the Twin Cities. Hennepin County has had a rampant homeless problem for over a decade, and had the largest count of homeless people, in 2015, by almost two times that of any other county in the Twin Cities area.

Source: Amherst H. Wilder Foundation, 2015
Wilder Foundation is a non-profit that conducts research on mental health, substance abuse, and homelessness

Kaul, Greta. “Getting a Handle on the Size of the Homeless Population in the Twin Cities.” MinnPost. August 1, 2017. Accessed December 18, 2018. https://www.minnpost.com/politics-policy/2017/08/getting-handle-size-homeless-population-twin-cities/.

The final source I’ve chosen is the Facebook page for Haven Housing. Several of the posts there show just how the program aids people in need. The generosity is especially apparent during the holiday season, from the Sponsor a Family/ Woman program for Christmas, the case managers and advocates that provide continued support for the residents of these facilities, or stories of hope like Bree’s.

“Haven Housing.” Facebook. Accessed November 18, 2018. https://www.facebook.com/havenhousingmn/?epa=SEARCH_BOX.

Bree’s Story:
“Bree’s Inspiring Story.” 2018. Accessed December 18, 2018. https://myemail.constantcontact.com/Bree-s-Inspiring-Story-.html?soid=1104748327640&aid=-2QIoLtKvnU.

While homelessness remains a pervasive, and complex issue, it’s heartwarming to see how places like Ascension Place, and St. Anne’s do their part to combat the problem.

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History of Bryant Ave

Theme: “Home”  

The Source Descriptions: 

Source number one: is about the creation of the parks within Bryant Ave and other parts of Minnesota in regards to how much it cost, the year it was created, and the reason for the parks creation and history.

Source number two: is about the lineage and history of the brewing families within the areas of (Lowery Hills and Bryant Ave, Minnesota).

Source number three: is an interactive map of the Hennepin area, which is used for locating homes and business building addresses, which presents the history of the beginnings of the location.

Source number four: is about bring together the findings from over one decades of surveying and documentation activities in order to examine the past efforts and to give directions to the next era of heritage / cultural preservation of Minnesota.

The development of “Bryant Ave” from the areas of Bryant Square to Mueller Park and within the location is the Brewing District of the street has slowly expanded into a community during the years of 1900s through the 1950s. As the expansion and development of the three areas in “Bryant Ave” from its original state in the year 1900 to 1950s has created a big change within the area, bring many to its parts to create a home. Thus, the brewing districts and parks come together to create a connection to a feeling of home by gradually expanding the community and bringing forth an effort into building the parks and creating a community called home. 

The communities in both present and modern Bryant Ave have put in tremendous effort to expand exponentially throughout the years to create what is today. Therefore, the vast expansion of the community has both increase and decrease significantly causing an influx of dramatic change. Thus, from this influx has cause the community’s status to transition from being an exclusive middle class suburb to a lower class suburb and the deterioration of the brewing districts that once have existed. However, the interesting part of this change is the issue of suburbanization has not cause a negative change but rather a positive one. This is due to the new developments / creations of homes (Suburbanization). Thus, helped create a new community called home, but without the brewing district. Hence, the issue of home has been resolved until a later date in history.

Sources: 

1.) Kullberg, Kathy. “ON TAP: MPLS BEER HISTORY.” Minny Apple Minnesota Weather & News(blog), June 21, 2015. Accessed December 6, 2018. http://www.minnyapple.com/blog/2015/06/21/tap-mpls-beer-history/

2.) “Instructions.” Property Interactive Map | Hennepin County. Accessed December 6, 2018. https://gis.hennepin.us/property/map/

3.) Stark, E. William. “Historic Resources Inventory Capstone, Minneapolis, Minnesota.” Stark Preservation LLC, July 2013. Accessed December 6, 2018.  http://www.minneapolismn.gov/www/groups/public/@cped/documents/webcontent/wcms1p-114144.pdf.

4.) Elwood, S. Corser. “Minneapolis Park Histories.” PDF. Minneapolis. Minneapolis Park & Recreation Board. Accessed December 6, 2018.  http://www.minnyapple.com/blog/2015/06/21/tap-mpls-beer-history/.

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Bryant Ave. Dunwoody

Dunwoody Institute has improved the lives of many in Minnesota as well as people who live near Bryant Ave. The four sources I have used prove this point. Roy Briggs was able to get his pilots license after being in the civil war in the later 1920’s.(Minneapolis Morning Tribune). Without the school in the 1920’s there would not have been opportunities for people like Roy.  My sources are compiled of newspaper articles from the 1920’s, and other databases about the history of Dunwoody. These articles relate to each other because they show a direct effect of the history of the college being in Minnesota. These articles also show the growing trend of going to secondary education after public school for many people in Minnesota. Dunwoody was created under the premise of not judging someone based on race or religion and more focused on helping the general public acquire skills for life. The more you look at the articles the more you can see how established Dunwoody is and their mission statement from the founder William Hood Dunwoody. (College History Dunwoody). The school was often asked to figure out ways to fix Minneapolis’ problems with technical jobs such as a smoke problem in the late 1920’s (Minnesota Tribune). As time went on the school became more established within the community of Minneapolis.  One reason this school is relevant til this day is the opportunities it is still giving people without having to go to a 4 year college. The college is a great resource for the Twin Cities to have to help the community thrive as it has for many years in the past.

  1. College, Dunwoody. “History.” Razor Tie Artery Foundation Announce New Joint Venture Recordings | Razor & Tie, Rovi Corporation, 4 June 2004, web.archive.org/web/20080612042021/http://www.dunwoody.edu/content/default.cfm?pid=7.
  2. Hughes, Art. “Tech College Sees Future of Minnesota Work Force in Minority Students.” Minnesota Public Radio News, MPRnews, 31 Jan. 2007, http://www.mprnews.org/story/2007/01/30/techminority.
  3. “Minneapolis Morning Tribune.” MNHS Hub – Viewer, newspapers.mnhs.org/jsp/viewer.jsp?doc_id=mnhi0005%2F1DFC5G5C%2F20040601&query1=&recoffset=0&collection_filter=All&collection_name=addabf07-f848-43e3-a488-2782562f220d&sort_col=relevance&cnt=0&CurSearchNum=5&recOffset=0.
  4. Tribune, Minnesota. “Board Asks Dunwoody for Help.” MNHS Hub – Viewer, The Minneapolis Tribune, newspapers.mnhs.org/jsp/viewer.jsp?doc_id=mnhi0005%2F1DFC5G5B%2F15103101&query1=&recoffset=0&collection_filter=All&collection_name=addabf07-f848-43e3-a488-2782562f220d&sort_col=relevance&cnt=3&CurSearchNum=2&recOffset=0.

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